General Introduction

Dermatology, includes the investigation, diagnosis and management of various skin diseases, nail disorders or problems such as eczema.

What is dermatology? What diseases does he take care of?


Dermatology is a field of medicine dealing with the health of the skin and diseases of the hair, nails and mucous membranes. The skin is the largest organ in the body. It is the first line of defense against bacteria and injury and often reflects overall health.

Dermatological Conditions

Problems with hair, skin, or nails are very common, and almost everyone experiences one or more dermatological conditions in their lives. In fact, about one-sixth of visits to a general practitioner involve a skin problem.

Some of the most common dermatological conditions are:

Acne: Acne on the skin due to inflammation of the sebaceous glands

Dermatitis: Dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin. It often causes swelling with an itchy rash.

Eczema: Eczema is an individual disease that varies from person to person and occurs in many different forms. The disease is not contagious. In mild cases of eczema, the skin is dry, scaly, red, and itchy. In more severe cases, skin rash, crusting, and bleeding occur. Constant scratching causes the skin to break down and bleed. In this case, it leaves the skin open to infection.

Psoriasis: This is a chronic, autoimmune skin disease that accelerates the growth of skin cells.

Fungal infections: An infection of the skin or nails caused by a fungus

Warts: These are contagious, benign skin growths that occur when a virus affects the top layer of the skin.

Cold sores: Inflamed blister near the mouth caused by the herpes simplex virus

Skin cancer: Uncontrolled growth of skin cells

Treatments in Dermatology

There are various dermatological treatments that can be used in the treatment of skin conditions. These can include:

Tropical remedies

Systemic drugs


– Surgery


Photodynamic therapy

– Phototherapy

Laser therapy


Each of these treatments has a role to play in the management of certain dermatological diseases. Topical agents are the most common form of treatment and can be applied directly to the affected area for the desired effect. However, other types of therapy are important for other conditions or specific purposes.


– Hair loss, itchy hair, greasy hair, and scarring,

– Excessive sweating (Hyperhidrosis),


– Calluses, itchy conditions on the feet, blisters on the feet,

– Birthmarks on the skin,

– All itchy conditions in the body,

– Itching and itchy skin lesions,

Allergies and lymphedema,

– Body rashes, bruises, rashes,

– Skin wounds, cracks,

Fungal infections; athlete’s foot, skin fungus, inguinal fungus, and body fungus,

– Seborrhoeic dermatitis and contact dermatitis,

– All lesions on the skin surface (such as moles, warts, pimples, freckles),

– Skin wrinkles, sun spots,

Nail disorders

– Telanjaccians (cracking in the six vessels in the skin)

Skin tumors

– Water-filled bubbles (bullae) developing on the skin,

– Skin parasitic diseases (such as scabies),

– viral infections on the skin (such as shingles, herpes),

Skin lesions of some systemic diseases; lupus, scleroderma, dermatomyositis,


– Wounds due to varicose veins,

Vitiligo (white spots on the skin),

– Canker sores (mouth sores in ear-nose-throat)

– Excessive hair growth.